Canine Influenza

By April 10, 2015 March 18th, 2016 Clinic Blog

Veterinary medicine is a compassionate industry with patient safety and well-being as its primary objective. Pet Care Clinic wants to thank Veterinary Specialty Center out of Buffalo Grove, IL for allowing us to share the following information they distributed about canine influenza.

What you should know about CIV or the dog flu

  • Just like the human flu virus, the dog flu is an airborne virus that is spread by coughing and sneezing via aerosolized respiratory secretions. The virus may spread through contaminated objects (kennel surfaces, food and water bowls, collars, leashes, etc.) and people moving between infected and uninfected dogs. It is not spread via urine or feces.
  • The virus can remain alive and able to infect on surfaces for up to 48 hours, on clothing for 24 hours, and on hands for 12 hours. It is easily killed by commonly used disinfectants–bleach, ammonia, even ordinary hand soap.
  • Dogs are infected with the virus for 2-4 days before the start of symptoms. They are actually the most contagious during this time, before they are exhibiting signs of illness. Contagiousness decreases dramatically during the first 4 days of illness but may continue up to 7 days in most dogs and, rarely, up to 10 days in a few dogs.
  • It is highly contagious from dog to dog but rarely fatal.

Symptoms include

  • Fever (usually low grade), cough, nasal discharge, sneezing, ocular discharge, lethargy and anorexia.
  • More severely affected dogs can exhibit a high fever with an increased respiratory rate and other signs of pneumonia or bronchopneumonia (usually from secondary bacterial or mycoplasmal infections).
  • To protect your dog from the dog flu, keep your dog away from high-risk areas that include dog parks, kennels, doggy day care, grooming, training facilities and pet stores. Avoid popular walking areas for dogs as well.

We again thank VSC. You may learn more about Veterinary Specialty Center by clicking on the following web link:

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